Benedetto Gennari II hails from a dynasty of painters, going back to his grandfather who bears the same name. He studied under Guercino in Bologna and inherited his studio in 1666. But he was a restless spirit, and his admiration for the Sun King drove him to Paris six years later. The French nobility received him with open arms, and the multitude of commissions encouraged him to prolong his stay.
In September 1674, he moved to London where he became court painter to King Charles II. This is one of the first paintings he created in his new position.